How to Create Your Monthly Budget
Creating a monthly budget might seem overwhelming at first, but hear this: You can do it. How? You just need the process broken down a bit. Because no one eats an elephant by swallowing it whole. (You go one bite at a time.) And no one leaps into budgeting like a pro. (You take it one step at a time.) So, here we go—bite by bite, step by step. Here’s how to create your monthly budget.
What Is a Monthly Budget?
First, let’s start with a solid definition of budgeting. Your monthly budget is just a plan for your money. Every dollar. Every month. When you create a monthly budget, you tell your money where to go so you’re never again left wondering where it went.
You can create your budget in a spreadsheet, on a piece of paper, or the best way—with EveryDollar.
Budget Step 1: Enter Your Income
The first step to creating your monthly budget is simple: Enter your income. Income is any money you plan to get during that month— that means your normal paychecks and any extra money coming your way through a side hustle, garage sale, freelance work and the like.
Here’s how you enter your income in EveryDollar:
- Click Add Paycheck.
- Label the check as Paycheck 1, Paycheck 2, or with your employer’s name—whatever works for you!
- Click the Planned amount and add in how much that check will be. (If you have an irregular income, put the lowest estimate of what you normally make in this spot.)
- Repeat that process with every paycheck you (and your spouse, if you’re married) earn in a month.
Budget Step 2: List Your Expenses
Now that you’ve planned for the money coming in, you’re ready for step two—planning for the money going out. It’s time to list your expenses.
Start with your Four Walls.
Focus on covering your Four Walls first: food, utilities, shelter and transportation. In other words, you feed your family, keep the lights on, pay the rent or mortgage, put gas in the car, and keep the car running.
In EveryDollar, you’ll cover your Four Walls inside the Housing, Transportation and Food budget categories. Under each category, you’ll want to add budget lines by clicking Add Item and naming the line. (You can even use emojis! Hey, who says budgeting isn’t fun?) Check out our example budget below to see common budget lines for each of these categories.
Some of these budget lines are easy to plan for because they’re what’s called a fixed expense—aka you pay the same amount every month. Your rent or mortgage, for example, is probably a fixed expense.
Other expenses change month to month, like how much you spend on gas. Do. Not. Worry. You can log into your online banking and look over the past couple of months. What do you usually spend on that expense? Make a good estimate based on past spending and put that into the Planned amount. Do this for any food, utilities, shelter and transportation expenses you pay each month.
Then list all other monthly expenses.
Next, you need to list out all your other monthly expenses like giving, insurance, debt, savings, entertainment and fun money (sometimes called personal spending). In EveryDollar, you’ll see these categories: Personal, Lifestyle, Health, Insurance and Debt. Again, create the budget lines you need under each. Start with fixed expenses before filling in estimated planned amounts on any of the rest.
Okay now—here’s an important callout. Very. Important. If you’ve got debt, you shouldn’t be piling money into an entertainment or restaurant budget line. You need to cut back on all the extras until you’ve kicked debt out of your life. Forever. Why? Debt steals this month’s income to cover something in the past. It’s like taking two steps forward with your money only to be yanked back again. Get rid of the debt. Then you’ll free up money each month to do what you want instead of what your debts demand.
Budget Step 3: Subtract Expenses From Income
When you’ve got all those expenses in your monthly budget, you need to subtract them from your income. (And guess what—EveryDollar does this for you automatically as you fill in your budget lines! Heck yeah.)
If you have money left when you’ve subtracted all your expenses, put it toward your current money goal, like saving or paying off debt. If you end up with a negative number, you need to cut expenses until your income minus your expenses equals zero.
Your goal is to make a zero-based budget—aka all your income minus all your expenses equals zero. So, if you make $5,200 a month like our sample budget, you’re giving all $5,200 a job—paying bills, saving money, paying off debt, and living life!
To help you know when you’ve reached zero, we announce it proudly at the top of your screen: It’s an EveryDollar Budget! If you see that, celebrate. You just budgeted to zero.
Now, and this important, your bank account should never hit zero. Keep a little buffer in your checking account of about $200 for extra safety.
Budget Step 4: Create a New Budget Each Month
Budgeting isn’t a one-and-done situation. It’s more of a lather, rinse and repeat kind. Here are two of the biggest takeaways you need to know about step four.
Budget every month, before the month starts.
Why? Because thinking ahead is how you get ahead in life and with money.
With EveryDollar, it’s easy. You just copy the previous month over and tweak what you need to.
Don’t forget about month-specific expenses.
But wait, what does “tweak” mean? Well, after you copy over the previous month’s budget, get out your social calendar. Is it your BFF’s birthday? You’ll need a spot in the budget for that present. Then think about other needs coming this month. Does your car need an oil change? Do the kids need seasonal clothing because the weather’s changing and they just keep growing? (Outgrowing their clothes is one thing kids do best.)
You’ll probably miss something because you can’t see the future, after all. But you can plan what you know is coming and have a miscellaneous line for any surprises.
Zero-Based Budget vs. 50/30/20 Rule
Here’s why EveryDollar is built on the zero-based budget method instead of the 50/30/20 rule, which sets all monthly spending and saving into three categories: needs (50%), wants (30%) and savings (20%).
The biggest problem with the 50/30/20 rule is that it leaves only 20% of your income for savings, retirement and extra debt payments. Minimum payments on debt are considered a need and put in that 50% section, but if you want to pay anything above that, it’ll come out of the last 20% that’s set aside for savings.
That kind of thinking makes for very slow progress toward your money goals. Like snail-like kind of progress. If you’re in debt, and you throw more than 20% of your income at those payments, you’ll crush debt for good. With a gazelle-like kind of speed. After that, you can move on to saving and investing.
Remember, when you use the zero-based method, any money left over after you budget for all your expenses goes toward your current Baby Step. You aren’t stuck at only 20%. And you aren’t throwing money at three goals at once. You’re tackling your money goals one at a time and focusing all your intensity on getting them done.
Things to Remember When Making Your Monthly Budget
Listen up, if you’re the type of person who procrastinates, put off something less important—like flossing. But never put off your budget. And while you’re working on that monthly budget, remember these four tips.
Adjust your monthly budget when needed.
Maybe you thought a budget was something set in stone. Well. It isn’t.
Don’t be afraid to adjust your budget throughout the month. It’s actually a huge key to being a successful budgeter.
If your electricity bill is higher than what you planned, adjust. Then find that money somewhere else in the budget. Maybe your water bill was lower. Or maybe you have to lower your restaurant spending to make up for it. Adjust to make it work. Just make sure you aren’t overspending on the extras. Needs. Come. First.
Save for large or semiannual expenses each month.
Not every expense in your life happens on a regular, monthly routine. You should use a sinking fund to save up for these bit by bit. For example:
- If your car’s engine isn’t looking so hot, start saving for the repairs.
- If your insurance premium is due twice a year, divide the cost and save each month.
- If you’ve got a pet, save some each month for Sir Fluffyton’s annual shots and vet visit.
P.S. One of the many awesome benefits of EveryDollar is the fund feature. This lets you easily get ready for these expenses and track your savings as you go—right inside the app.
Give yourself some grace as you work on your monthly budget.
Remember learning to ride a bike? We don’t either. But think about some skill you do remember learning. It kind of sucks at first, right? You aren’t good at it. But that’s okay. That’s why they call it learning and not knowing.
Just like learning any new skill, budgeting requires a little bit of practice and patience to get right. And we know you can do it! For most users, it takes about three months to go from clumsy to comfortable. But just like the bike, eventually you’ll be so good at it you’ll forget the bumpy learning experience and live in confidence.
Track your expenses all month long.
We’ve got good news and bad news. The bad news is, you can’t set up your budget and leave it alone. Like a sloth hanging from a tree limb, it’ll do nothing for you. The good news is, we’ve got the secret to staying on top of your budget. Track. Your. Expenses.
When you buy something, when you pay a bill, when you spend money at all . . . you need to put those expenses in your budget. That way you’ll know exactly how much you have left to spend. Do this throughout the month—not just at the very end. Then you’ll know when to adjust to keep yourself from overspending.
Tracking your expenses—aka tracking your transactions—isn’t hard. But it can be time-consuming. That’s why Ramsey+ gives you the premium version of EveryDollar, which gets you the bank sync feature. You’ll connect your bank to your budget so your expenses and income stream right into your budget. You just drag and drop them to their correct budget line.
Tracking your transactions is one of the single most important ways you’ll keep up with that monthly budget. It’s how you’ll truly take control of your finances. And with Ramsey+, you’ll save time and won’t have to worry about forgetting a transaction or typing it in wrong! Faster and more accurate? Yes, please. Try it out in a Ramsey+ free trial today.